What is Acute Pain?

What is Chronic Pain?




Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Facial Pain
Knee Pain

Shoulder Pain

Shoulder Conditions

Spine Conditions
Low Back Pain
Nerve Pain
Pelvic Pain
Repetitive Strain Injuries
Sympathetic Pain Syndromes
TMJ Pain



Back Pain Information

Upper Back Pain

Upper Back Pain Causes

Chronic Back Pain

Back Pain Myths

Depression & Chronic Pain



Surgical Procedures

Types of Back Surgery

Spine Fusion Surgery

Discectomy Procedure

Spinal Disc Replacement



Back Pain Relief

Back Pain Treatment

Back Surgery Information

Back Pain Medication

Low Back Pain Treatment



Epidural Steroid Injection

Cervical Epidural Steroid Injection

Lumbar Epidural Steroid Injection

Facet Joint Injection

Medial Branch Blocks

Intradiscal Electrothermal Annuloplasty (IDET)

Electrothermal Decompression



Orthopedic Conditions

Before Your Surgery

After Spine Surgery

Back Surgery Questions

Anatomy of The Spine

Obesity and Back Pain

Orthopedic Surgeons

Contact Us

Insurance Carriers




Causes of Back Pain



If you are suffering from back pain, you are not alone.   Severe back pain affects 80% of Americans at some time in their lives.  Our practice specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of chronic and acute back pain.



Severe back pain affects 80% of Americans at some time in their lives. It comes in many forms, from lower back pain, middle back pain, or upper back pain to low back pain with sciatica. Common back pain causes include nerve and muscular problems, degenerative disc disease, and arthritis. Many people find relief from symptoms of back pain with pain medication or pain killers.

Most people have experienced back pain sometime in their life. The causes of back pain are numerous; some are self-inflicted due to a lifetime of bad habits. Other back pain causes include accidents, muscle strains, and back pain from sports injuries. Although the causes may be different, most often they share the same symptoms.


Typical Causes of Back Pain


  • Unsuccessful surgery of spine - whether the surgery is discectomy, spine fusion, or laminectomy, you have a risk of getting chronic back pain or pain in arms and legs. Although the pain has known causes, surgeons call such after effect as failed back surgery syndrome.


  • Sciatica - when your sciatic nerve inflames, you experience a piercing pain through your hips that goes down to the back of your leg.


  • Spondylosis - this is also known as Degenerative Disc Disease. It marks the slow wear and tear of the disc located between your vertebrae. As you age, there is a reduction of moisture present in intervertebral disc of spine. Thus, the normal disc space narrows down and, in turn, pinches the nerves of the vertebrae. This is one of the common causes of back pain.

  • Spinal Stenosis - here, your spinal canal narrows down, as the herniated disc exerts force on your spinal cord.


  • Herniated disc - there is a gelatinous, soft part in the center of the intervertebral disc. When a part or whole of it is forced through a fragile part of the disc, this condition arises and becomes one of the causes of back pain. You might also experience neck, arm, or leg pain due to irritation in the root of nerves. It happens when the internal part of the disc, known as nucleus pulposus, exerts force on a nerve root that comes out through the spinal cord.


  • Spondylolisthesis - in this condition, one vertebra slips forward over the other. It happens in adults due to degeneration of discs as well as ligaments that connect and support your spine. The slippage causes narrowing of the intervetebral space, leading to compression of nerve roots. Thus, causes of back pain are created.



The symptoms for back pain are:


  • Persistent aching or stiffness anywhere along your spine, from the base of the neck to the hips.   This is often associated with a spine injury.
  • Sharp, localized pain in the neck, upper back, or lower back -- especially after lifting heavy objects or engaging in other strenuous activity.
  • Chronic ache in the middle or lower back, especially after sitting or standing for extended periods.
  • Back pain that radiates from the low back to the buttock, down the back of the thigh, and into the calf and toes.
  • Inability to stand straight without having severe muscle spasms in the low back.



Call Your Doctor About Back Pain If:



  • You feel numbness, tingling, or loss of control in your arms or legs. This may signal damage to the spinal cord.
  • The pain in your back extends downward along the back of the leg. You may be suffering from sciatica.
  • The pain increases when you cough or bend forward at the waist. This can be the sign of a herniated disc.
  • The pain is accompanied by fever, burning during urination, or strong-smelling urine. You may have a bacterial urinary tract infection.
  • You have urine or fecal incontinence.
  • You have dull pain in one area of your spine when lying in or getting out of bed. If you are over 50 you may be suffering from osteoarthritis.




Privacy Policies     l     Disclaimer

Copyright Axcension, Inc., All Rights Reserved.