Pelvic Pain Causes and Treatment
Pelvic pain occurs mostly in the lower abdomen area. The
pain might be steady, or it might come and go. If the pain
is severe, it might get in the way of your daily activities.
If you're a woman, you might feel a dull pain during your
period. It could also happen during sex. Pelvic pain can be
a sign that there is a problem with one of the organs in
your pelvic area, such as the uterus, ovaries, fallopian
tubes, cervix or vagina. It could also be a symptom of
infection, or a problem with the urinary tract, lower
intestines, rectum, muscle or bone. If you're a man, the
cause is often a problem with the prostate.
You might have to undergo a lot of medical tests to find
the cause of the pain. The treatment will depend on the
cause, how bad the pain is and how often it occurs.
In women, chronic pelvic pain refers to pain in your
pelvic region — the area below your bellybutton and between
your hips — lasting six months or longer. If asked to locate
your pain, you might sweep your hand over that entire area
rather than point to a single spot. Chronic pelvic pain can
be a symptom of another disease, or it can be designated as
a condition in its own right.
The cause of chronic pelvic pain is often hard to find.
Like many women, you may never receive a specific diagnosis
that explains your pain. But that doesn't mean your pain
isn't real and treatable.
If the source of your chronic pelvic pain is found,
treatment focuses on that cause. If no cause can be found,
treatment for chronic pelvic pain focuses on managing the
Chronic pelvic pain exhibits many different
characteristics. Among the signs and symptoms are:
- Severe and steady pain
- Pain that comes and goes (intermittent)
- Dull aching
- Sharp pains or cramping
- Pressure or heaviness deep within your pelvis
In addition, you may experience:
- Pain during intercourse
- Pain while having a bowel movement
- Pain when you sit down
Your discomfort may intensify after standing for long
periods and may be relieved when you lie down. The pain may
be mild and annoying, or it may be so severe that you miss
work, can't sleep and can't exercise.
When to see a doctor
With any chronic pain problem, it can be difficult to
know when you should go to the doctor. In general, make an
appointment with your doctor if your pelvic pain disrupts
your daily life or if your symptoms seem to be getting